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Course Duration: 05 Months

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Dr. Bachan Singh

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देश की प्रसिद्ध faculty, अब तक हजारों स्टूडेंट्स पढ़कर अपने लक्ष्य को प्राप्त कर चुके है । विलक्षण प्रतिभा के धनी । लाजवाब विधितंत्र का प्रयोग । दर्जनों आर्टिक्ल नेशनल और इंटरनेशनल पत्र-पत्रिकाओं में प्रकाशित। लगातार 14 वर्षों से भूगोल की प्रत्येक परीक्षाओं में मेरिट के साथ सलेक्शन दे रहे है ।


NVS PGT Geography Exam Pattern

Duration : 180 Minutes                                           Negative Mark : 0.25



No.of Question



General Awareness




Reasoning Ability




Knowledge of ICT




Teaching Aptitude




Domain Subject Knowledge (Geography)




Language Competency Test (General English -10 , General Hindi -10)












NVS PGT Geography Syllabus 2022


Reasoning :


  1. Arithmetical Reasoning
  2. Number Ranking
  3. Embedded Figures
  4. Decision Making
  5. Cubes and Dice
  6. Analogy
  7. Mirror Images
  8. Non-Verbal Series
  9. Number Series
  10. Coding-Decoding
  11. Statements & Arguments
  12. Clocks & Calendars
  13. Alphabet Series
  14. Blood Relations
  15. Syllogism
  16. Data Interpretation
  17. Directions
  18. Statements & Conclusions.


General Awareness:


  1. Important Days.
  2. Indian History.
  3. Budget and Five Year Plans.
  4. General Polity.
  5. Current Affairs – National & International.
  6. Indian Economy.
  7. Capitals of India.
  8. Famous Books and Authors.
  9. Indian National Movement.
  10. Prestigious Awards and Honors.
  11. Science & Technology, etc.


General Intelligence:


  1. Figures Classification.
  2. Arithmetic Number Series.
  3. Spatial Orientation.
  4. Observation.
  5. Relationship concepts.
  6. Reasoning.
  7. Non-verbal series.
  8. Analogies.
  9. Discrimination, etc.


Teaching Aptitude :


  1. Teaching : Nature, Objectives, Characteristics and Basic Requirements.
  2. Learner’s Characteristics.
  3. Factors affecting Teaching.
  4. Methods of Teaching.
  5. Teaching aids.
  6. Evaluation Systems.


Geography :


Topic I: Geography as a discipline

Geographical ideas in ancient, medieval & modern periods: the contributions of Varenius, Kant, Reine, Humboldt and Ritter. Influence of Richthofen and Darwin. Videl-da-la Blache, F. Ratzel etc. Contemporary geography: Post Second World War, Environmentalism, Areal Differentiation, spatial organization, Behavioural and perceptual Geography. Positivism in Geography. Humanistic Geography. Marxist Geography and critical social theory. Development in Indian Geography.

Topic-2 Origin and Evolution of the Earth

Introduction to the solar system, Motions of Earth: Rotation, Revolution, Occurrence of Day and Night; change of seasons; Latitudes and Longitudes; Finding time. Earth’s Interior: Origin of contents and ocean basis Wagener’s Continental drift theory, Theory of Plate Tectonics Earthquakes and Volcanoes, Folding and faulting Origin of the Earth: Nebular hypothesis (old Theory) and Big-Bang Theory. Evolution of continents, atmosphere and oceans.

Topic-3 Interior of the Earth and Distribution of oceans and continents

Constitution of Earth’s interior (based on Seismic Evidences), origin of the continents and ocean basins. Wegner’s theory of Continental drift and Plate Tectonics. Plate movements and interactions-Volcanism and seismicity.

Topic-4 Landforms Mineral and rocks

classification of rocks, rock cycle. Important minerals geomorphic process of denudation Endogenic and Exogenic processes. Mass Wasting, Landslide, Work of River, Glacier Wind, Sea Waves etc, processes of soil formation.


Topic-5 Climate:

 Atmosphere: Composition and structure. Insolation and temperature, Atmospheric pressure and winds, Atmospheric moisture, cyclones, classification of climate (Koeppen and Thornthwaite Schemes classification). Global climatic changes: Causes and effects.


Topic-6 Water (Ocean)

Geomorphology of the ocean floor, submarine relief features of Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean. Movement of ocean water: Currents, tides and waves. Marine deposits and coral reefs.


Topic -7 Life on the Earth

Approaches in environmental Geography, landscape, ecosystem and perception approaches, Man and the Biosphere: Interactive and dynamic relationship. Human impact on biogeochemical cycles.


Topic-8 India:

Geographical basis of Indian State-territory; location, extent, shape and size.


Topic-9 Physiography:

Structure, Physiographic divisions, Drainage system and its evolution.


Topic-10 Climate, Vegetation and SoilClimate:

factors controlling climate of India Origin and mechanism of Indian monsoon; Seasons of India, Classification of climate of India (Koeppen’s, Thornthwaite, Triwartha). Soils: Type and distribution (I.C.A.R.), Soil problems, conservation of soil Vegetation- Types & Distribution; conservation Wild Life- its conservation.


Topic-11 Natural Hazards and disasters

Causes, Consequences and management in India Environmental Hazards: Floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes and landslides; human adjustment to hazards; hazards perception and mitigation; environmental institutions and legislation in India.


Topic-12 Human Geography:

Nature and Scope. Nature and scope of Human Geography, Approaches to the Human Geography, Determinism, Environmental Determinism, Possibilism, Neo-determinism, ecological and Behaviouralism.


Topic -13 People (World and India)

Trends and patterns of population growth: determinants and patterns of population distribution; theories, demographic transition; Human migration, Patterns of human development.


Topic-14 Human Activities: (World and India) Primary: –

Hunting, gathering, Herding (Nomadic & Commercial) Lumbering fishing, mining and agriculture; Agricultural practices; some major crops. Secondary: – Industries: Classification, Theories of localization, major Industries, recent trends in industries, world comparisons. Tertiary:-(Services) Quaternary-Quinary activities Planning in India: target area planning, idea of sustainable development


Topic-15 Transport, Communication and Trade(World and India)

Transport and communication Roads, railways, waterways and airways; oil and gas pipelines, national electric grids. Communication networking-radio, television, satellite and Internet. International Trade-Basis and components, trade balance, major trading organizations, changing pattern of India’s foreign trade, sea-routes, inland water-ways, sea ports and their hinter-land.


Topic-16 Human settlements (World and India)

Unstable and stable settlements, rural settlements: origin, types and patterns; Urban settlements: Origin and growth of towns; functional classification of towns. Problems of urbanization in the world; urbanization in India; Urban slums and squatters. Morphology of cities; distribution of Mega-cities, problems of human settlements in Developing countries.


Topic -17 Geographical perspective on selected issues and problems

Environmental pollution-Land, Water, Air, Noise, Global Warning, Poverty, Food Security; Sustainable Development.

Topic -18 General Cartography (Practical)

Elements and classification of maps, scales, map-projections, finding directions, latitudes, longitudes and calculation of local & standard time, Identification & Analysis of relief forms: Topographical Maps and interpretation. Weather-instruments and interpretation of weather maps. Digital mapping, Remote sensing, Visual interpretation. Processing of Data, Thematic mapping, representing statistical data by various diagrams-Bar, Histogram, Pie etc. Spatial Information technology: GIS, GPS, Computers-Software and Hardware components, Data format, Raster and Vector, editing and topology etc. Spatial Analysis; Overlay, Buffer and Proximity analysis.

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